Research Strategy

  • You need to decide on two factor in this section
    • How many research strategies will you use
    • What research strategy these are
    • Then state it within your research method e.g.
  • You may write something like this…

Using a longitudinal approach a mixed method strategy will be used to collect the data.  The initial interview with the participant will use both a survey to collect personal information and medical history along with an interview to gain in-depth lifestyle choices and patterns which may influence the data collection.  During the tracking and monitoring stage the participant will complete a journal and daily health survey.

The advantages of using this mixed method approach are……

 

How Many Research Strategies?

  • Mono-method
    • One strategy or
    • Just Qualitative data collection or
    • Just Quantitative data collection
  • Mixed-method
    • Can be divided in to three areas
      • Mixed model research
        • Requires both qualitative and quantitative data collection
        • At any stage of the project
        • Data collection is dependent on each other
      • Mixed method research
        • Requires both quantitative and qualitative data
        • Where the data is collected concurrently or sequentially
        • Are not dependent on each other (projects in their own right)
        • But come together to support each other
  • Multi-method
    • T

 

Which Research Strategy?

  • Experimental Studies
    • Use a carefully controlled and structured environment (laboratory)
    • To isolate and control the variables
    • Each individual variable is control to observes effect (change)
    • However, these conditions can affect the way variable interact
  • Survey
    • Descriptive survey:
      • Used to describe the topic/ subject
      • Identifies & counts the frequency of a particular response
    • Analytical survey
      • Used to analyse relationship or differences between variables
      • Identifies & counts the frequency of a particular response
  • Case Study
    • Are used to create an in-depth analysis of a specific subject or group
    • Involves gathering and analysis information (qualitative and quantitative)
    • Can be used to
      • Descriptive what is happening in extreme detail
      • Illustrative (explain) new practices and their impact
      • Experimental case studies explore practices or procedure to increase their effectiveness
      • Explanatory case studies apply practices and procedure to theories
  • Action Research
    • Involves changing or influencing a variable within a situation to monitor and evaluate the results
    • Used to refine practices and procedures
    • Requires active co-operation between researcher and clients
    • Is continual process of adjustment to the intervention based on feedback/ data
  • Grounded Theory
    • Is used to test the validity of theoretical proposition (observed behaviour)
    • Used to challenge approaches, which look for evidence within data or experimentation
    • Research will always show you something (what you are looking for)
    • Can lead to new ways of understanding a subject
  • Ethnographic
    • Used to observation participant (ethnography)
    • Researcher often becomes a participant
    • To experience what the participants are experiencing
    • Observation can be overt (participants know) or covert (participants don’t know)
  • Archival Research

 

 

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