- Start with a general outline of the topic to support non-specialist readers
- Narrow the discussion into specific points
- Use subheadings to help organise and structure your findings
- Use a logical approach (step-by-step)
- Use predictable patterns
- State (what someone has said)
- Explain\ describe (in your own words)
- Compared and contrast (with someone elses research)
- Justify\ evaluate (to your project)
- Link to your stated problem\ solution
- Remember: one reference, one sentence.
- Reduce bias and assess the quality of the articles
- You might write something like…. Click here for a simplistic example
- Use older papers to give historical context
Smith (1932), Thomson & Hillary (1978), Clarke et al (1984) and Williamson (2012) all support….
- Don’t state, compare and contrast research
Smith (2012) found ????
which contradictions previous findings (Jones (1985), Toko (2005))
- Try to comment on the research approach
However, Smith (2012) surveyed current product users which could have resulted in a more favourable response.
Highlight how the research relates to your research questions
-) Smith (1986) …..findings…. suggesting that this is a critical factor when considering the experimental design of this study.
-) Smith (1986) …..findings…. suggesting that this is a critical factor when considering the user interface design of the artefact.
- Use topic/ subject keywords
- Web Security:
- Hacking, attack, attack vectors, injection, SQL, cross-site scripting, etc..
- Web Security:
- Use connecting words
- due to
- on the other hand
- which supports
- it is likely that
- Signposting words